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Puppetry Democracy

Democracy is a system where citizens have the power and influence over governing matters through voting. It is a fair system that takes into consideration the opinions and needs of the people, including minorities, and it recognizes the importance of allowing them to have a say in the formation of the laws they are expected to abide by.  It is a system that protects the peoples’ rights and freedom; a just, fair system where people are equal under the law, a system that respects the freedom of speech, freedom of religion, etc. But does that really happen? Do democratic countries and organizations truly follow and achieve the concepts of democracy?

The theme “Puppetry Democracy” portrays democracy as it appears in the real world. We are, unfortunately, deceived into thinking we have control over the decisions. Elections, the justice system, “free media”, and all other images that are representative of democracy are in reality manipulated by authorities. Everything that represents democracy is a puppet managed by figures of dominion to create the illusion of a fair system. Whether it is through propaganda, fabricating votes, or bending the law, democracy is merely an act used to convince the public they are living in a just society.

Taking the UN as an example, The United Nations has failed to live up to its noble goal of equal treatment of all member states. In reality, the UN only empowers countries of strong economic and political states. The permanent members of the UN Security Council have more privileges than the rest of the council. The “Big five”, US, UK, Russia, China, and France, having veto power (the power to prevent any action or solution adopted by the UN despite the international support) represents the opinion of only the permanent members rather than the majority of the countries. The right to nuclear weapons is only given to the permanent members; making them capable of assured destruction. Therefore, they’re feared by the rest of the world.  Members of the Security Council are elected to serve temporary terms; however, the P-5 can not be suspended from the council. That is  because they’re considered the powers of the world after their victory in World War II. The permanent members have the power to put the benefit of their countries over the greater good. They seem to have control over world security. The United Nations only serves to be a puppet and an unjust foundation; it is a "legal" way of letting the powerful countries have control over global matters.

The presidential election system of the USA, which is considered to be the figure of democracy world wide, is an example of how unrepresentative the votes are of the people’s choice. In the year 2000, even with 50.3% of people voting for him, Al Gore lost the elections to George W. Bush who only had 49.7%. This is because the elections are based on electoral votes. Each state has a number of electoral votes based on its population. Larger states, in population, like California have 55 electoral votes, while smaller ones like Alaska only have 3. If a candidate wins the majority of the votes in California, even if they win with a difference of only one vote, they get all 55 electoral votes, and if every single person in Alaska, Delaware, Washington, D.C. , Hawaii , Idaho, Maine, New Hampshire, Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota votes for the other candidate, they only get 34 electoral votes. Therefore, It is possible for a candidate to not get a single vote in 39 states plus the district of Columbia but still win the elections only because they were able to win the majority of the votes (even if they win with only a difference of one vote) in 11 of the 12 states with the most electoral vote. While the citizens of the USA are fooled into thinking they participate in fair and democratic elections, the results do not really reflect the opinion of the majority.

Salma Elmalt, 
Secretary General, 
BCMUN 2019.